Professor of Public International Law at the University of Oxford, Yamani Fellow at St. Peter's College, and Co-Director of the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC) & the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations. His work focuses on international law, international dispute settlement, international criminal law, and the law of armed conflict. He has consulted for the United Nations on international humanitarian law and human rights law, the African Union on the International Criminal Court and terrorism laws, the Commonwealth Secretariat on the law of armed conflict and international criminal law, and for states, international organisations, and NGOs on various aspects of international law.

Professor Akande is the founding editor of EJIL:Talk! (the blog of the European Journal of International Law) and is on the Editorial Board of the American Journal of International Law and the European Journal of International Law; the Advisory Council of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law; the Executive Council of the British Branch of the International Law Association; the Advisory Board of the International Centre for Transitional Justice; the Advisory Committee of International Lawyers for Africa; and the Advisory Board of International Law Studies (published by the United States Naval War College). He is also a member of the International Advisory Panel for the American Law Institute’s project on the Restatement Fourth, The Foreign Relations Law of the United States and is a member of the 'International Group of Experts' convened by the NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence for the development of the Tallinn Manual 2.0 The International Law of Cyber Conflict.

He has held visiting professorships at Yale Law School, the University of Miami School of Law, and the Catolica Global Law School, Lisbon. He has been Lecturer in Law at the University of Nottingham School of Law and the University of Durham. His articles have been published in international law journals such as the American Journal of International Law, the British Yearbook of International Law and the European Journal of International Law.



Thiago Alves Pinto, doctoral researcher in International Human Rights Law, University of Oxford.


Select Publications

Practitioners' Guide to Human Rights Law in Armed Conflict Oxford University Press 2016), with D. Murray, C. Garraway, F. Hampson, N. Lubell and E. Wilmshurst.

Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice (Member of the Editorial Committee, 2009)

D. Akande and E. Gillard, 'Oxford Guidance on the Law Relating to Humanitarian Relief Operations in Situations of Armed Conflict' (2016) Commissioned and Published by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

With Antonios Tzanakopoulos, 'The International Court of Justice and the Concept of Aggression', in C Kress and S Barriga (eds), The Crime of Aggression: A Commentary (Cambridge University Press 2016) (forthcoming)

‘The International Law Framework Regulating the Use of Armed Drones’ (2016) International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 654, Iss. 4,Oct 2016 (with Christof Heyns, Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne, and Thompson Chengeta)

‘The Impact of the Genocide Convention on the Obligation to Implement ICC Arrest Warrants', in R. Steinberg (ed), Contemporary Issues Facing the International Criminal Court (Brill Nijhoff, 2016)

‘The Lieber Code and the Regulation of Civil War in International Law’ (2015) 53 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 638 (with L. Hill-Cawthorne).

‘Clarifying Necessity, Imminence, and Proportionality in the Law of Self-Defense’ (2013) 107 American Journal of International Law 563 (with Thomas Lieflaender).

‘The Effect of Security Council Resolutions and Domestic Proceedings on State Obligations to Cooperate with the ICC’ (2012), Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol.10, Iss. 2, May 2012.

“Clearing the Fog of War? The ICRC'S Interpretive Guidance on Direct Participation in Hostilities", (2010) International and Comparative Law Quarterly 59: 180-192.

‘US/NATO Targeting of Afghan Drug Traffickers: An Illegal and Dangerous Precedent?', in Gaston (ed), The Laws of War and 21st Century Conflict (Idebate Press 2012).

‘Classification of Armed Conflicts: Relevant Legal Concepts’, in Wilmshurst (ed), International Law and the Classification of Conflicts (Oxford University Press, 2012).

‘International Organizations’, in Malcolm Evans (ed), International Law, 3rd ed. (Oxford University Press, 2010)

‘The Act of State Doctrine’, in P. Cane & J. Conaghan, The New Oxford Companion to Law (Oxford University Press, 2008).

‘The Role of the International Court of Justice in the Maintenance of International Peace’, in Nigel White (ed.), Collective Security Law, 287-311, (Ashgate, 2003).


Academic Journeys


Academic Journey 1/2


Academic Journey 2/2



Faith & Scholarship


How has religion influenced the development of international law?


How does Christian faith relate to your work on international law?


How does Christianity frame the academic life?



Scholarly Research


Ethics, Law, and Armed Conflict


Oxford Martin Program on Human Rights


What projects are you currently working on?


What are the big challenges currently faced by international law and lawyers?



Academic Advice


How can academics help states, policy-makers, and NGOs on practical matters?